Sustainable water management
Water is an essential resource for every living thing and ecology on earth.
In recent years water resources have faced many challenges, especially climate change and human activities such as deforestation and economic activities around water resources such as agriculture and animal husbandry, as well as the construction of dams for of electricity generation for example Nyerere hydroelectric dam in Tanzania also in Ethiopia they have built a dam for power generation thus leading to the threat of water in the Nile and Rufiji rivers
The threat of water scarcity leads to various problems in African society such as declining production in agriculture thus leading to hunger, lack of education for children due to wasting time seeking water for the family also leads to gender inequality as women are forced to seek water
Sustainable water management means the ability to meet the water needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to do the same.
Achieving sustainable water management requires a multidisciplinary and holistic approach in which technical, environmental, economic, landscape aesthetic, societal and cultural issues are addressed.